Here are the steps that you need to follow to give yourself insulin shots.
1. Clean your hands thoroughly.
2. Roll the insulin bottle gently between the palm areas of your hands, inverting it several times to mix the solution inside.
3. Detach the colored flat top of the new bottle of insulin. Refrain from injuring the rubber cover or the metal band. Swab this area with a piece of cotton dipped in alcohol.
4. Take out the cover of the needle, taking care not to prick yourself. Pull the syringe plunger until the tip is level with the number of units of insulin that you need to inject. Air will come in the syringe.
5. Puncture the rubber cover with the needle and push the plunger to push in the air into the insulin bottle.
6. Invert the insulin bottle with the syringe. While holding the insulin bottle in one hand, pull the plunger until the tip is level with the number of units needed for the injection. This will let the insulin enter the syringe in the amount that you need.
7. Check the content of your syringe. If there is the presence of bubbles, push back the insulin again into the bottle then pull again very slowly, taking care to avoid including bubbles into the plunger.
8. Check thoroughly that the level of insulin in your syringe is according to what your dose is. You can make use of a magnifier to make sure that it is level.
9. Remove the needle from the bottle.
10. Then you are ready to give yourself an injection. Recap the needle of your syringe first while preparing the site of injection to be able to avoid any contamination on the syringe and needle.
11. Select the site for your injection. Each shot should be done in a unique spot. It is always recommended to choose the thigh area for the injections because it has lesser nerves to cause less pain.
12. Make sure that the area is clean and in a unique spot.
13. Pinch a chunk of skin and muscle mass. Push the needle in a 90 degree angle on the skin. Make sure that the needle is all the way in the skin.
14. Pull the plunger slightly to check if the needle has entered a blood vessel. If it has, withdraw the needle and place it in another location.
15. If you are already positioned in the ideal location, push in the plunger to inject the insulin into the body. Release your hold on the skin to make the insulin flow freely into the body.
16. Withdraw the needle from the skin. Avoid rubbing the site of injection.
17. Dispose of your used needles properly and safely. You can ask your doctor, pharmacist or health care provider to teach you how to do it.