The ultimate goal of management of any type of diabetes is to bring glucose to a normal level and keep it there as consistently as possible. The American Diabetes Association recommends diabetics to try to achieve blood sugar levels of 80 to 120 mg/dl or 4.4 to 6.7 mmol/l before anything has been eaten, and 100 to 140 mg/dl or 5.6 to 7.8 mmol/l right before bed.
It is important to remember, that each patient has different glucose goals. Those who are particularly susceptible to episodes of hypoglycemia may have a slightly higher baseline goal than those who are not, while women who are trying to bring their glucose levles down as part of a preconception plan for pregnancy may have a lower baseline for thighter control. You doctor will work with you to figure out what goals are right for your medical history and lifestyle.
A normal, nonfasting blood glucose reading is between 60 and 140 mg/dl or 3.3 to 7.8 mmol/l.
The following is the recomended standard for diagnosing diabetes:
1. The presence of classic clinical symptoms of diabetes and a plasma glucose level in excess of 200 mg/dl or 11.1 mmol/dl done at any time without regards to meals.
2. Fasting plasma glucose greater than 126 mg/dl or 7.0 mmol/dl with no food intake for at least eight hours prior to the test.
3. Fasting plasma glucose greater than 126 mg/dl or 7.0 mmol/dl with no food intake for at least eight hours prior to the test.
It is very important to remember that testing positive on one occasion does not mean you may have diabetes. You have to test positive to any of the following on two occasions.